The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 covers general fire safety in England and Wales.

In Scotland, requirements on general fire safety are covered in Part 3 of the Fire (Scotland) Act 2005, supported by the Fire Safety (Scotland) Regulations 2006.

Under the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005, fire risk assessment is necessary for virtually all buildings in England and Wales, other than domestic private dwellings.

  • Offices and shops.
  • Care providers (including care homes and hospitals).
  • Community halls, places of worship and other community premises.
  • Shared areas of properties several households live in (housing laws may also apply).
  • Pubs, clubs and restaurants.
  • Schools and sports centres.
  • Tents and marquees.
  • Hotels and hostels.
  • Factories and warehouses
  • Theatres and cinemas.